Others, however, are composed of column drums, lifted into place through the use of … Last modified April 26, 2012. Aphaia was not a well known goddess. This has suggested to historians that Aphaea was a goddess that was considered a protector of pregnant and nursing women, as well as babies. The ruins of the temple of Aphaea on Aegina.Aphaea was only worshipped in this temple. "The Dating of the Aegina Pediments. The Temple of Aphaia is one of the reasons why tourists travel to the island. When you reach the summit you’ll see why the ancient Greeks built their temple here. The museum has a very good display with information in English about the history of the site. This has suggested to historians that Aphaea was a goddess that was considered a protector of pregnant and nursing women, as well as babies. Ancient History Encyclopedia. 13 Nov 2020. Photograph of the Temple of Aphaia on the greek island of Aegina. Aphaia The *Temple of Aphaia is one of the most important and beautiful in Greece. However, it is only open at certain times in the morning. There are bath-buildings and other rooms on the site, some of which are presumed to have been for the priests. Temple of Aphaia. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of, Learn how and when to remove this template message, (Hellenic Ministry of Culture) Archaeological site of Aphaia on Aigina, Ferdinand Pajor, "Cockerell and the 'Grand Tour'", Perseus website: "Aegina, Temple of Aphaia", Adolf Furtwängler on the temple's polychromy, 1906, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aphaea&oldid=977322794, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia references cleanup from April 2016, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from April 2016, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cook, R. M. 1974. Pausanias (2nd century AD) writes: "On Aigina as one goes toward the mountain of Pan-Greek Zeus, the sanctuary of Aphaia comes up, for whom Pindar composed an ode at the behest of the Aeginetans.The Cretans say (the myths about her are native to Crete) that Euboulos was the son of Karmanor, who … The remains of the Late Archaic period Temple of Aphaea are located within a sanctuary complex on a 160 m peak at the northeastern end of the island: 37°45'14.82"N, 23°32'0.24"E. The extant temple was built at around 500 BCE on the site of an earlier temple that had burned around 510 BCE. You’ll see a models of the temple, together with reconstructions of various parts of the building during different eras. Stone column supports are visible in the foreground; distant mountains are visible in the background. Some of them are traditional, one-piece columns probably levered into place. The pediments are of marble, and the sculptures depict Athena as she presides over a battle between Greeks and Trojans. 13 Nov 2020. I believe it was a symbol of local poleis pride but also a site used in, and affected by, inter- poleis conflict and rivalry. Not only that, but the Temple of Aphaia is one of the better preserved buildings from the ancient world. An inscribed potsherd of the 5th century BCE found in the precinct of the Temple of Apollo at Bassae in Arcadia is inscribed with what may be a dedication to Aphaea. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Unfortunately the temple burnt down shortly afterwards, while the paintwork was still relatively fresh. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Its site on a panoramic hill-top at the northeastern point of the island is magnificent, and its state of preservation (though reconstructed in certain areas) is excellent. Web. The sanctuary was dedicated to the cult of Aphaia, a local deity later assimilated by Athena. The site itself was the location of an important ancient sanctuary which dates back far into antiquity. They are now on display in Munich. Mark, Betsy. Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 06 Feb 2019. If you look closely at some of the blocks you can still see a “U” shaped cutting in the stone which was used for inserting a rope for lifting. In 1901, after more extensive research Furtwangler revealed that the temple was dedicated to Aphaia a local Agenetan goddess that was similar to the Mino… Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The temple was built in 490 BCE. The ancient Temple of Aphaea on the island of Aegina is one of the most important and picturesque temples in Greece. The temple rises from a stepped base which elevates the structure above the ground on which it stands.Early examples, such as the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, have two steps but the majority, like the Parthenon, have three, with the exceptional example of the Temple of Apollo, Didyma, having six. from the east pediment of the Temple... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Ancient History Encyclopedia. "Temple of Aphaia." She enjoyed races and hunts and was particularly dear to Artemis. ", Diebold, William J. The Temple of Aphaia on Aegina made use of new construction technologies. Fortunately it’s possible to see all the main details. Lauded as one of the most developed and beautiful archeological sites, the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina was a locally focused sanctuary that celebrated a very niche yet much revered goddess. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Thank you! The Aegina people built a temple, the Temple of Aphaea, in her honor; the ruins of it still stand to this day. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. A ramp leads up to the altar, but today the interior is roped off. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/image/79/. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/image/10012/. The ruins of the temple of Aphaea on Aegina. The Temple of Aphaia, a local fertility goddess of the island of Aegina, Greece, c. 500 BCE. The Cretans say (the myths about her are native to Crete) that Euboulos was the son of Karmanor, who purified Apollo of the killing of the Python, and they say that Britomaris was the daughter of Zeus and Karme (the daughter of this Euboulos). Although the hill is only about 200m high, it commands wonderful views to the east over the bay and the coastline. The Temple of Aphaia, a local fertility goddess of the island of Aegina, Greece, c. 500 BCE. Archaeological Development . The Trojan king Laomedon(?) Pausanias (2nd century AD) writes: "On Aigina as one goes toward the mountain of Pan-Greek Zeus, the sanctuary of Aphaia comes up, for whom Pindar composed an ode at the behest of the Aeginetans. Worshippers would have approached the temple area through the propylaia. These marbles are known as the ‘Aegina Marbles’, and were bought by Prince Ludwig of Bavaria in 1812. Uploaded by Joshua J. The temple had a pronaos and an opisthodomos, both distyle in antis and a cella with 2-story colonnade and gallery. While fleeing from Minos, who lusted after her, she cast herself into nets cast for a catch of fish. Thank you! The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. It overlooks the bay of Agia Marina with the town of the same name. Mark, B. Uploaded by Thamis, published on 26 April 2012 under the following license: Copyright. 1 photograph : positive, col. ; 35 mm. Visitors to the temple offered gifts in the form of lit candles to Aphaea. The ruins of the temple of Aphaea on Aegina. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Understanding basic roots of western culture while enjoying Greece. https://www.ancient.eu/image/79/. On the north eastern side of the island is a wooded hill. Aphaia is thought to have been important for women as a deity associated with child care. Under the later Athenian hegemony she came to be identified with the goddesses Athena and Artemis and with the nymph Britomartis as well, by the 2nd century CE, the time of Pausanias: Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The cult certainly was in operation in the 7th century BCE. I believe it was a symbol of local poleis pride but also a site used in, and affected by, inter-poleis conflict and rivalry. Her epithet among the Aeginetans is Aphaia, and it is Diktynna of the Nets on Crete. If you’ve visited the temples in Delphi or Olympia you’ll be pleasantly surprised at the relatively good preservation of the Temple of Aphaia. So check before you go to make sure you can get in. The Parthenon naos, also had another impressive feature, namely two tiers of columns atop each other, as did the temple of Aphaia on Aegina. Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Her epithet among the Aeginetans is Aphaia, and it is Diktynna of the Nets on Crete.". The temple of Athena at Tegea shows another variation, where the two column rows are indicated by half-columns protruding from the side walls and crowned with Corinthian capitals. King Minos of Crete had designs on her, and she fled and took refuge on Aegina. Aphaea (Greek: Ἀφαία, Aphaía) was a Greek goddess who was worshipped almost exclusively at a single sanctuary on the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf. The first real Temple of Aphaia was constructed in the 6C BC which replaced an earlier building. She originated as early as the 14th century BCE as a local deity associated with fertility and the agricultural cycle. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Artemis made her a goddess, and not only the Cretans but also the Aeginetans revere her. Previously, temples had been constructed chiefly through the use of ramps and levers. Pilafidis-Williams argues that the character and relative proportions of the finds leads to the conclusion that the deity worshiped was a female fertility/agricultural goddess and dates her cult to the 14th century BCE. It was built in 480 BC and 25 of the original 32 Doric columns still stand due to the skill of the restorers. Temple of Aphaea. "Temple of Aphaia." As was the fashion of the day it was brightly coloured, and used the Doric style, but without a collonade. Visitors to the temple offered gifts in the form of lit candles to Aphaea. But they put the rubble to good use and now it is part of the supporting platform for the present temple. It is a truly magnificent setting. Crabben, Jan V. D. "Temple of Aphaea." Cooper accepts the identification with Aphaea, although the inscription simply reads ΑΦΑΙ, and he draws out certain parallels between the two sanctuaries. Unfortunately the temple burnt down shortly afterwards, while the paintwork was still relatively fresh. Aphaea (Greek: Ἀφαία, Aphaía) was a Greek goddess who was worshipped almost exclusively at a single sanctuary on the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf. Many of the columns remain standing, and the double collonade of the naos (or cella) can be clearly seen. Crabben, J. V. D. (2012, April 26). https://www.ancient.eu/image/10012/. The Temple of Athena Aphaia in Aegina: The Temple of Aphaia has been dedicated to goddess Athena and is located on the island of Aegina, on top of a hill.

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