Para and Raghunathpur constituencies will be reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. The district was very large in size and included parts of Bankura and Bardhaman districts of present West Bengal state and Dhanbad, Dhalbhum and Seraikela-Kharswan districts of present Jharkhand states. Temperature is high in summer and average in winter which varies from 10 degrees in winter to 40 degrees in summer. Kolkata district is the only district in the state with a negative growth rate (−1.7%) for the 2001–2011 decade. In 1838 the district headquarters was transferred from Manbazar to Purulia. They are not counted in the census data for Kolkata. Chitpur was a weaving centre and Baranagar was another textile centre. The economy of the Purulia district is mainly driven by the industrial & Agricultural sector and tourism. [3], In 1698, Charles Eyre, son-in-law of the early colonial administrator, Job Charnock, acquired the zemindari rights of Gobindapur, Kalikata and Sutanuti from the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family.

Ghosh, Ambikaprasad Ghosh, assisted by Chatterjee, Kaushik. The literacy rates of male and female are 74.18% and 37.15% of the total population. [28], Drainage: Kolkata district was traditionally drained by two channels and various minor water ways. The western portions are characterised by undulating terrain with many hills and ridges.

The Chamars from the Hindi heartland, many of whom work in the leather industry, have been here for more than a century. It commissioned the first thermal power plant in India, at Emambagh Lane, near Prinsep Ghat, in 1899. After World War II, as the British left India, the Marwaris acquired most of their business interests. Kolkata district is bounded by the North 24 Parganas district on the north and on the east, South 24 Parganas district on the south and Howrah district, across the Hooghly, on the west.

[21] The district has a population density of 468 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,210/sq mi). KMC dumps 2,600 tons of solid waste daily. Other mother tongues spoken in Kolkata district were (persons with percentage of the population in brackets): Odia 37,430 (0.8%), Gujarati 29,788 (0.7%), Punjabi 20,061 (0.4%), Marwari 17,190 (0.4%), Nepali 12,484 (0.3%), English 9,892 (0.2%), Tamil 9,353 (0.2%), Telugu 9,269 (0.2%), Malayalam 7,216 (0.2%), Bhojpuri 5,577 (0.1%), Maithili 4,916 (0.1%), Sindhi 4,023 (0.1%) and others 19,224 (0.4%). The alluvial plain has an average elevation of 6.4 metres (17 feet) above mean sea level. [12], The brighter side of the story is that a new global market is emerging in the United States and Europe for these unique dhokra products. Hence Calcutta did not disintegrate when the capital was shifted to New Delhi in 1912. It has the mixed culture of Bengal, Jharkhand, and Orrisa as it was a part of these areas for various times.

The break up for Kolkata is not available.

The proportion of persons having Hindi as mother tongue increased from 19.3% in 1961 to 23.2% in 1971, but then started declining to 22.2% in 1981, 20.9% in 1991 and 20.3% in 2001. The 27 km long Tolly's Nullah was completed in 1777.

According to the 2001 census, 83.42% of the population are Hindus, while 7.12% are Muslims.

Chatterjee, Nilanjana, "The East Bengal Refugees: A Lesson in Survival", in “Calcutta, The Living City” Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Page 70, First published 1990, 2005 edition. [19], In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 3,440,290 and formed 76.5% of the population in Kolkata district.

None of these townships withered away as Kolkata gained supremacy, rather they got integrated with the core of the city. The road transport is adequate in terms of bus availability and goods flow. The entire process of urbanisation was hastened. Persons following other religions numbered 1,452. [21] The type of workers that come under the category of “other workers” include all government servants, municipal employees, teachers, factory workers, plantation workers, those engaged in trade, commerce, business, transport, banking, mining, construction, political or social work, priests, entertainment artists, and so on. The manufacturing sector specially the sponge iron sector got an investment of 306.17 crores, which is comparable to the economically developed districts of West Bengal. However, many of them found opportunities of income in the urban economy. Purulia lies between 22.60 degrees and 23.50 degrees north latitudes and 85.75 degrees and 86.65 degrees east longitudes. Para constituency is reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates.

[20], The proportion of Hindus in Kolkata district decreased from 83.9% in 1961 to 76.5% in 2011. Kolkata district is a district in the Indian State of West Bengal, headquartered in Kolkata. Purulia Sadar subdivision covers the central portion of the district. However, one variant of the name, ‘Kalkata’, is mentioned in Abul Fazal’s Ain-i-Akbari (1596). According to the District Census Handbook 2011, Ghola Noapara covered an area of 0.9306 km 2.
[1]It is a predominantly rural area with 89% of the population living in rural areas and only 11% living in the urban areas.[2]. An organization named NISTADS got involved in developing a new furnace for the Bikna artisans. The growth and prosperity of the region must involve Calcutta. In the first half of the 20th century the largest group of migrants were the working-class people from Bihar.

The compulsion has grown stronger ever since, as has the spirit it fostered.

It funnels not only the tropical monsoon current from the Bay to the subtropical parts of north-west India, but also acts as a gateway between the developed industrial belts of West Bengal and the hinterlands in Orissa, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

The switching over from horse-drawn carriages to electricity by Calcutta Tramways Company in 1902, provided further impetus to the rise in power consumption. The prominent of the district like Ajodhya Hills, Matha, Murguma Dam and Kuilapal Forests, Jaychandi Pahar, Panchakote Raj, Duarsini Hills and Forests attract quite a good number of visitors to Purulia every year. [2] Saheb Bandh is one of the popular and famous waterbodies of Purulia.

They gained entry into British economic strongholds like the jute and cotton industries.

In terms of area, it is the smallest amongst all the districts of West Bengal but has the highest density of population. 83.80% of the population of the subdivision lives in rural areas. They set up a cotton and yarn market at Sutanuti. The district has large scale industries like Santaldih Thermal Power Station at Santaldih, Pumped Storage Project at Baghmundi, ACC Damodar Cement Factory at Madhukunda.

[16], According to the census of 2001, mentioned in the District Census Handbook 2011 Kolkata, Bengali was the mother tongue (language spoken in childhood by the person's mother to the person) of 2,836,647 persons forming 62.0% of the population in Kolkata district, Hindi was mother tongue of 926,186 persons forming 20.3% of the population and Urdu was mother tongue of 623,620 persons forming 13.6% of the population. In the 19th century, Kolkata was the epicentre of the epoch-changing socio-cultural movement, the Bengal Renaissance. Purulia has rich cultural heritage. The Purulia Pumped Storage Project of West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd. consists of 4 units with a capacity of 224 MW each, which generates 900 MW of electricity.

Although in area West Bengal ranks as one of the smaller states in India, it is one of the largest in population.

Raghunathpur assembly segment will be part of Bankura (Lok Sabha constituency), which will also contains six assembly segments from Bankura district.

Spread over 12,500 hectares the East Kolkata Wetlands play a very vital role in maintaining the ecological balance in the neighbourhood of Kolkata. [24] As per KMC, it has 5 water treatment plants at Palta, Watgunge, Jorabagan, Dhapa and Garden Reach. West Bengal, Indian state located in the eastern part of the country. State Highway 5 also plays an important role in district's transport network as it connects the towns like Raghunathpur, Adra, Santaldih and Neturia to NH2 at Neamatpur and Asansol. By Regulation XVIX of 1805, a Jungle Mahals district composed of 23 parganas and mahals including the present Purulia was formed.

Compass Declination 0º22'W. Howrah district is one of the highly urbanized area of West Bengal.

[30], Eco system: Kolkata is a highly polluted district. How it will grow… is the great question to be answered. [9], Several rivers flow across Purulia district. Manbazar subdivision consists of five community development blocks: Manbazar–I, Manbazar–II Barabazar, Bandwan and Puncha. The soil is laterite red and hard beds are covered with scrub jungle and sal wood. Puruliya Sadar consists of Purulia municipality and five community development blocks: Purulia–I, Purulia–II, Hura, Puncha and Balarampur. In 1975, a CMDA report suggested that there were 1,104 squatter colonies in West Bengal, out of which 510 were in Calcutta Metropolitan District. Purulia district is well connected with other cities and towns of West Bengal and neighbourhood states by road and rail transport.[8]. The district has a population of 2,538,233 (as per the 2001 census) out of which 19.35% is Scheduled Caste and 19.22% is Scheduled Tribes. Kolkata was pioneer in introducing the underground drainage system in 1878. It is a shelter of the migratory birds which comes from Bangladesh, Burma, Sindh, Baluchistan during December to March.[8]. [21] Puruliya has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males,[21] and a literacy rate of 65.38%.[21]. In the absence of road and air transport, in those days, water transport flourished and a port was established at Kolkata. Living mostly in rural areas and keeping intact many of their socio-cultural values, more or less in pristine forms, the rural people of Purulia have their folks to speak about many of their tenets. [25] There are reports that officially 15% of Kolkata's core water supply comes from ground water, in reality 25–30% of water used in households is ground water.

Jains numbered 21,178 and formed 0.5% of the population. Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision.

The remaining population of 2,700,954 (60.07%) belongs to the non-workers category.


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