"Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". 1905. Necessity; the word signifies uses.
A similar word used in Philemon 1:22 and Acts 28:23 (xenia) denoted a "guest room." Being sharers in the necessities of the saints; George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. They were such only as appeared to be saints and godly in Christ Jesus. 1999-2014. As to spirituals, God fills the hungry with good things, but sends the rich empty away; whereas, most men, as to corporals, fill the rich with their table. Renewal 1960. For all the other places it is used, see Romans 15:27 -made partakers; Galatians 6:6; Philippians 4:15; 1 Timothy 5:22; Hebrews 2:14; 1 Peter 4:13; 2 John 1:11. It is still so; and hence, it becomes, in their view, a virtue of high order to entertain, at their own tables, and in their families, such strangers as may be traveling. No rules could be given that should be applicable to all cases; and hence, the Bible has left the general direction, has furnished examples where it was exercised, has recommended it to mankind, and then has left every man to act on the rule, as he will answer it to God; see Matthew 25:34-46. The meaning is sharing in the necessities; taking part in them as one's own. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Bibliography"Commentary on Romans 12:13". 1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach; Necessity.--Some of the Graeco-Latin manuscripts and fathers here read, memories, or commemorations, by a slight change of letters, "taking part in the commemorations of the saints," as if the allusion was to the later ecclesiastical usage of holding festivals in honour of martyrs. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. From philoxenos; hospitableness. [A corrupt and absurd reading - mneiais (Greek #3417) for chreiais (Greek #5532), 'imparting to the memories of the saints'-is actually found in D*FG, in one copy of the Old Latin (but that the best, the Codex Amiat. Still this does not lessen the obligations to show hospitality. Genesis 18:2-8 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground, …, Genesis 19:1-3 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; …. of
τὴν φιλοξενίαν διώκοντες: to devote oneself to entertaining them when they were strangers was one chief way of distributing to the needs of the saints. 1: p. 232. This is more than "entertaining, open house or paying someone back". Romans 12:13. Here also, we may see the character of the members of the first churches. There are, in the villages of Tehama, houses which are public, where travelers may lodge and be entertained some days gratis, if they will be content with the fare; and they are much frequented. Titus 1:8. It is indeed then only that we prove our love to be genuine, when we relieve needy brethren, for no other reason but that of exercising our benevolence. BibliographyAlford, Henry. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. We hence see, that the more neglected any one commonly is by men, the more attentive we ought to be to his wants. The members of the same body have the same interests, feelings, and destiny. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/romans-12.html. 1871-8. But, as Meyer says, it no doubt owes its existence to the reverence into which the martyrs had grown at the thee when those manuscripts were written. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.
1983-1999. Open your homes to strangers. These we are to love, and show our love to, not only by directing and advising, but, if need be, by giving them food and raiment, and lodging them: this is a duty incumbent on ministers of the Gospel, and on private members, and on all who are in any capacity to perform it; and which should be done cheerfully, and without grudging; and what persons should use, inure, and give themselves to, yea, should seek after, and call to objects of it; as Abraham and Lot did, who thereby entertained angels unawares, and is what the apostle here means by pursuing and following after it. Given to hospitality; or, as it may be rendered, "pursuing", or "following after love to strangers"; which is properly hospitality: respect is to be shown not to such only who are members of the same community with us, but also to such of the people of God, that may be of another country, or of some distant parts of our own, not before known by us; who by persecution, and distress of some sort or another, or by some providence or another, are obliged to remove from their native place. The law of the New Testament is Galatians 6:10, “As we have opportunity, let us do good to all men, especially to them who are of the household of faith.” The Christian is indeed to love all mankind, and to do them good as far as may be in his power, Matthew 5:43-44; Titus 3:8; 1 Timothy 6:18; Hebrews 13:16. "Commentary on Romans 12:13". In times of persecution, and before the general institution of houses of entertainment, the importance of this precept would be at once felt. Hospitality is especially enjoined by the Saviour, and its exercise commanded; Matthew 10:40, Matthew 10:42, “He that receiveth you receiveth me, etc.” The waver of hospitality is one of the charges which the Judge of mankind will allege against the wicked, and on which he will condemn them; Matthew 25:43, “I was a stranger, and ye took me not in.” It is especially commended to us by the example of Abraham Genesis 18:1-8, and of Lot Genesis 19:1-2, who thus received angels unawares. There is a wide difference between riotous house-keeping and true hospitality; the latter is always designed for the help of the poor, and particularly for the godly poor. Given to hospitality - This expression means that they should readily and cheerfully entertain strangers. 1599-1645. given to hospitality — that is, the entertainment of strangers. Still this does not lessen the obligations to show hospitality.
BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. It was customary, indeed, to erect places for lodging and shelter at suitable distances, or by the side of springs or watering places, for travelers to lodge in. We should never be so self-centered that we fail to reach out to others. (3) it is not improbable that there might be a special reason at that time for enjoining this on the attention of the Romans. The solitary secrecies of rejoicing hope, endurance, and prayer unbroken, are exchanged for the publicities of benevolence and sympathy. 13. ταῖς χρείαις. There are few things more painful than lost opportunities. John Trapp Complete Commentary. 13.] BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. This term (koinoneo) is a present tense verb that first occurs here in the New Testament. Niebuhr says, that “the hospitality of the Arabs has always been the subject of praise; and I believe that those of the present day exercise this virtue no less than the ancients did.
https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/romans-12.html. “Ministering to the necessities of the saints, pursuing hospitality.” While we are to make glad the hearts of the saints by our Christian philanthropy, a special emphasis here is laid on hospitality, which we are not simply to practice, but actually to run after. Christians ought hospitably to receive their brethren coming from a distance, and to assist them in their business. Being sharers in the necessities of the saints; taking part in these necessities as your own; hence relieving them. Rev., communicating to. The needs of God's people were great when these words were written; and we know how keen Paul was in encouraging the Gentiles to help their poorer brethren in Jerusalem. Again, God the Father and God the Son are our great examples here.
No rule can be given on the subject. Distributing ('imparting') to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality , [ filoxenian (Greek #5381)] - that is, the entertainment of strangers. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. If any plead for it as a proper distinction, it is sufficient to advert to the saying of Paul, We have no such custom, neither the churches of God, 1 Corinthians 11:16. That charity to all persons, but especially to the persecuted members of Jesus Christ, is a necessary and important duty.
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