In 1920, a major Education act paved the way for the establishment of government schools in all districts. In 1966, landmark legislation was introduced to encourage the banking industry. The Cayman Islands are a British Overseas Territory consisting of 3 islands in the western Caribbean Sea. According to historian Edward Long the inhabitants on Grand Cayman had the principal occupation of turtle-fishery. 95% of our housing stock has sustained damage, with around 25% destroyed or damaged beyond repair. However, the overwhelming majority, more than 450 people, were successfully rescued. Jamaica was an English colony from 1655 or 1670, and a British Colony from 1707 until 1962, when it became independent. Throughout the 18th century, some of the most infamous pirates of the Caribbean, including Blackbeard, Lowther and Henry Morgan roamed these seas, stopping off on the Islands to repair their damaged ships and stock up on water and turtle meat. Both Cayman Brac and Little Cayman suffered damage, although not to the same extent as Grand Cayman. [6], Those living on the islands often partook in what is called wrecking. All evidence for this being the origin of their tax-free status is purely anecdotal. Two old-time sailing vessels, loaded with pirates make a surprise landing at the bowl-shaped George Town harbour with the pirates capturing the Governor. Most believe it to be a nephew of King George III. In 1773, the first survey or “map” of Cayman was drawn by the Royal Navy. The Cayman Islands are a British overseas territory located in the Caribbean that have been under various governments since their discovery by Europeans. The collapse of the Federation of the West Indies created a period of decolonization in the English-speaking Caribbean. Though Cayman was regarded as a dependency of Jamaica, the reins of government by that colony were loosely held in the early years, and a tradition grew of self-government, with matters of public concern decided at meetings of all free males. The official report, extent of damage, duration and recovery efforts in the words of Mr. Bush himself are first recorded a month following to the Select Committee on Foreign Affairs Written Evidence, Letter from the Cayman Islands Government Office in the United Kingdom, 8 October 2004. Suddenly the Cayman Islands were on the map – both as a tourism and recreational dive destination and as an international finance centre. On 8 February 1794, an event occurred which grew into one of Cayman's favourite legends -- The Wreck of the Ten Sail. Read on to learn about the illustrious history of Cayman’s early settlers, who were hardy, ingenious and self sufficient. While the history of the Cayman Islands, like many Caribbean countries, includes both pirates and slaves, the country has a quiet past that began just about 500 years ago. Due to this, the Cayman Islands have often been given the term total colonial frontier. Cayman Brac was a prominent home for pirates, known as the “Brethren of the Sea”, seeking hiding places for stolen treasure. Reducing the numbers of mosquitoes has been one of the most significant factors in allowing Cayman to progress to where it is today. An estimated 17 people on the island were killed by Ivan. The Legislative Assembly is comprised of 15 elected members who represent the Islands' six districts. In 1773, the first survey or “map” of Cayman was drawn by the Royal Navy. The population at this time was 400, with half being free and half being slaves. The 264-square-kilometre (102-square-mile) territory comprises the three islands of Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, which are located to the south of Cuba and northeast of Honduras, between Jamaica and Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula. When Jamaica achieved independence in 1962, the Islands opted to remain under the British Crown, and an administrator appointed from London assumed the responsibilities previously held by the governor of Jamaica. Following several unsuccessful attempts, permanent settlement of the islands began in the 1730s. Following a two-year campaign by women to change their circumstances, in 1959 Cayman received its first written constitution which, for the first time, allowed women to vote. Cayman Islands’ tourism began during the 1950s and has been an important part of the economy ever since. The National Team were returned to office but with a reduced majority, winning 9 seats. It is the most powerful hurricane ever to hit the cayman islands. The Governor has responsibility for the police, civil service, defence and external affairs but handed over the presidency of the Legislative Assembly to the Speaker in 1991. Las Tortugas. He made a note in the margin, marking the population at 400 – half free and half slaves. Trading of cotton, turtle, sarsaparilla and wood were being exported to Jamaica. A late-season hurricane, it set several records for its intensity and formation. It is located in the Caribbean Sea, approximately 60 miles northeast of Grand Cayman and five miles (8 km) west of Cayman Brac. of The Cayman Islands indicating afflicted areas and their corresponding flood levels. It first lashed the southern coasts of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola with high waves, killing five people in the Dominican Republic and Haiti; in the latter country, two others drowned due to storm flooding. Paloma was the third most powerful November hurricane on record in the Atlantic Basin, behind only a 1932 hurricane and 1999's Lenny. Visit our National Museum to delve even deeper into our history and traditions. The earliest settlers are thought to have b… Copyright © 2020 Acorn Publishing Company. It is derived from the Carib Indian word for the marine crocodile, which is now known to have lived in the Islands. The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the British Overseas Territory of the Cayman Islands. Christopher Columbus was the first explorer to record seeing the Cayman Islands in 1503. For the latest information on how to travel safely and responsibly to the Cayman Islands, please click.

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