Everest) and more than 600 km in diameter. Did you know that the ancient Babylonians first created the week and divided it into seven days?
Named after the Roman god of war, Mars is also often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance.

), 32. 9. (An AU is an astronomical unit.

Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system – Olympus Mons.

Did you know…? Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system after mercury.

11. By doing so, India became the first country in the world to set a spacecraft into Mars’ orbit in its first attempt. It’s Northern cap is called – Planum Boreum, and Southern cap is called – Planum Australe. 3) Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system after Mercury. The mission was launched on November 5th, 2013. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org.

This website uses cookies (not edible ones!). I thought it was just smaller than Jupiter.

All Rights Reserved. Olympus Mons is part of a complex of volcanoes that lie along a volcanic plateau called the Tharsis Bulge.

However, the mission failed. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere composed primarily of carbon dioxide. Join us on an out-of-this-world adventure with our fascinating facts about Mars…. Mars is extremely small when compared to the Sun. Instead, they have elliptical orbits. The maximum pressure of Mar’s core is expected to be 400,000 times the pressure of Earth’s atmosphere at sea level. The minimum distance between Mars and Earth keeps on changing because they do not have perfectly circular orbits. 20.

Wondering how fast winds in these storms move? Mars is a very cold planet. But… News flash!

The tallest mountain in the Solar System – Olympus Mons – is on Mars. They named each day of the week upon the seven known bodies in the sky: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. The orbital speed of Mars … The main idea of our solar system was proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) and he also proposed that the Sun is at the center of the universe while the planets revolved around it in circular orbits. In the past, asteroids hit the Red Planet, sending debris into space.

10.

8) A day on Mars is 24 hours and 37 minutes –– only a little bit longer than a day on our own planet. 7.

a pre-selected message and a cool badge, ... [Trackback] In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth.). Cool Mars Fun Facts for Kids Mars-One is the dream project of scientists to colonize the Red Planet by the year 2022. Mars is at a distance of 206,655,215 kilometers or 1.381 AU when it is closest to the Sun.

This is because it takes a lot longer than Earth to complete its orbit around the Sun. Great for teachers, homeschoolers and parents alike! Mars has has a very primitive form of plate tectonics, and the action of two plates past each other began splitting the surface some 3.5 billion years ago. 12.

Mars is also known as the ‘Red Planet’ because, well, it’s red! Mars has only two moons as compared to Uranus’ twenty-seven. It is a shield volcano built by the continuous action of flowing lava over millions and millions of years that began some 3 billion years ago. (Launch dates: August 20, 1975 (Viking 1); September 9, 1975 (Viking 2)). 25. The atmosphere on Mars is very thin, composed mainly of carbon dioxide (95%), nitrogen (2.7%), and argon (1.6%), with traces of oxygen and water.

4. Interestingly, these dust storms are sometimes visible by telescopes from the Earth. It is believed that Planet Mars has no liquid water …
Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. 2. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit – that’s below freezing point. And it is the fourth planet from the sun (Order of the planets from the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (the dwarf planet)). Many Hollywood films have been produced with Mars as their subject including Flight to Mars – 1951, The Angry Red Planet – 1959 and the famous John Carter – 2012. 13.

At the equator, temperatures can reach 20°C, but at its poles they can plummet to as low as -140°C. Well, check this out –– Mars has two moons!

Boing! Solar Conjunction is the term used to describe the coming of Sun between the Earth and Mars. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Because of the red color of the planet, Mars is also associated with aggression. The surface gravity on Mars is only about 38% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars.

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Even though Mars has only 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over... Mars is home to the tallest mountain in the solar system. Known as the Red Planet, Mars is characterized by its red, dusty landscape. 22.

You’re leaving natgeokids.com to visit another website! 28. Olympus Mons, a shield volcano, is 21km high and 600km in... Only 18 missions to Mars … 15.

The rock pieces orbited the solar system for millions of years and finally crash landed on the Earth. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Due to its immense mass, Jupiter brings some change in Mars’ orbit. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online.

21.

Chinese astronomers call Mars the “fire star” while ancient Egyptian priests called it “He…

It is not certain as of now if the planet’s core is solid, liquid or is built of two different layers.

These moons are small and are irregularly shaped.

These cookies do not store any personal information. Check out our ten top facts about Neil Armstrong…. 30. 17.

23. 1960 – the first spacecraft on mission to Mars was launched. “Mars takes 687 Earth days to complete one revolution around the Sun.”. 4) It can get pretty cold on Mars –– much colder than our own planet, since it’s further away from the sun. That set the stage for the formation of the Valles Marineris.

The Surface of Mars Comprises a Rugged Terrain.

The Valles Marineris is an extensive canyon system on the Mars equator. , it’s about three times the height of Mount Everest! 24. [...] Informations on that Topic: natgeokids.com/uk/discover/science/space/facts-about-mars/ [...], Cool it teach us a lot of astronomy about mars, great site, loved the facts, recommend it, Never realised Mars is smaller than earth. Did you know that the giant Jupiter has the ability to influence the orbit of Mars?

We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. There are bits of Mars here on Earth! NASA’s Curiosity Rover spots a ‘mouse’ on Mars.

The first interaction with Mars: Mariner 4, in 1965 was the first aircraft that flew by Mars. And as per calculations, this record will be broken in the year 2287. One of the most obvious and best-known Mars facts is that …

Let us uncover some important facts and information about planet Mars where human life can be expected to dwell in the coming years. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Scientists have had the chance to study the pieces of rocks from Mars that landed on Earth.

Mars is being explored for over four decades now because it is considered as a favorable place for human existence. With a diameter (distance through the middle) of 6,791 kilometres, it’s roughly half the size of Earth. If the ice on its south pole melts, the resulting water will be sufficient to cover the planet’s entire surface to a depth of 11 meters. Exciting stuff! Mars has low atmospheric pressure on its surface which is the reason why liquid water cannot exist on its surface for long. The first photograph of Mars taken from its surface was taken by Viking 1 on July 20 1976. Presence of water on Mars could be a potential signal of survival of living things in the past or in the present on the planet. Earth can fit in six Mars planets in terms of volume.



Brr!

Are there really rodents on the red planet? 2. 8.

Mars is also referred to as the “Red Planet” because it has high content of iron oxide which makes it appear reddish.

6. It is 4,200 kilometres long and, in places, is 7 kilometres deep. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth.

10) Humans have not yet been to Mars, but scientists have sent spacecraft there to help them research this fascinating planet. 2) Mars is also known as the ‘Red Planet’ because, well, it’s red! In Mars opposition, Mars and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of the Earth. Hence, Tuesday is the day of Mars.

When this happens, the communication between spacecraft on Mars, and the Earth drastically reduces. In 2004, NASA’s rovers found the evidence of water on the planet.


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