[3]. Snipes et al.55 (described earlier) reported no difference in hopelessness scores between users of alcoholic energy drinks and alcohol-only consumers, and Yudko and McNiece54 (described earlier) observed no relationship between depression scores and having consumed an energy drink in the previous hour. This drink is a favorite due to its soothing effects which improve the quality of nighttime sleep. As this review aimed instead to focus more upon stress, anxiety, and depression, these phenomena may therefore be an area of interest for future research. Endorphins are essential chemicals in the improvement of mood and well-being senses – leading to a diversion from anxiety and stress. ), Daily Patterns of Caffeine Intake and the Association of Intake with Multiple Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in US Adults Based on the NHANES 2007–2012 Surveys, The Role of Adolescent Victimization in Energy Drink Consumption: Monitoring the Future, 2010–2016, Impact of Energy Drinks on Health and Well-being, Boost Me: Prevalence and Reasons for the Use of Stimulant Containing Pre Workout Supplements Among Fitness Studio Visitors in Mainz (Germany), Perinatal exposure to energy drink induces oxidative damage in the liver, kidney and brain, and behavioral alterations in mice offspring, Habits and beliefs related to food supplements: Results of a survey among Italian students of different education fields and levels, ORAL CONSUMPTION OF CAFFEINATED ENERGY DRINKS AFFECTS THE MORPHOFUNCTIONAL STATE OF STRESS-ASSOCIATED ENDOCRINE GLANDS, Systematic review of the potential adverse effects of caffeine consumption in healthy adults, pregnant women, adolescents, and children, Age at First Use of Energy Drinks Associated With Risky Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Behaviors Among College Students, Health Effects and Public Health Concerns of Energy Drink Consumption in the United States: A Mini-Review. © Gareth Richards and Andrew P. Smith 2016; Published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Considering the idea that energy drink use may cause behavioral problems13 and negatively impact on mental health and well-being, it is concerning to find that the products are often aggressively marketed at young people.4 Children aged between 12 and 17 are among the fastest growing population of caffeine users,14 with 30–50% of adolescents and young adults being known to consume energy drinks.6 However, as black markets in junk food are known to exist in secondary schools, and that they may be a result of restrictive policies intended to improve the diets of children,15 banning the sale of energy drinks to minors could be an overly simplistic and ineffective solution. Stasio et al.52 found that 29% of anxiety scores in a sample of young adults comprising college student athletes, Reserve Officers Training Corps cadets, and psychology students were explained by energy drink consumption (measured in terms of the number of cans consumed in the previous 7 days); even one's sleep quality and other caffeinated drink consumption were controlled for statistically. 3 posts. A study conducted in 2008 shows that valerian can improve the GABA quantity in the brain. The authors then concluded by saying “In light of the statistics obtained through this research, we recommend that students should inculcate physical activity and regular praying in their lives to combat stress effectively” (p. 154). Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Although null findings were also relatively common, most studies of chronic use provided evidence to suggest that energy drinks are associated with mental health problems. It also lowers cholesterol levels while enhancing the quality and duration of nighttime sleep. Although these cases imply that excessive consumption of energy drinks may act as a trigger for relapse in certain vulnerable people with preexisting mental health problems, cases have also emerged in which serious psychiatric symptoms have occurred in otherwise healthy individuals [15]. Share with us your experiences with safe remedies for stress and anxiety. Fifty-six articles were retrieved: 20 of these (along with eight more identified through other means) were included in the current review, and, because the majority addressed aspects of stress, anxiety, and depression, particular focus was placed on these outcomes. Together, 12 cases have been described, and links have been made between the use of energy drinks and the exacerbation/relapse of symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder,26–28 Cluster B personality disorder,28 and schizophrenia.28–30 Although these cases imply that the excessive consumption of energy drinks may act as a trigger for relapse in certain vulnerable people with pre-existing mental health problems, cases have also emerged in which serious psychiatric symptoms have occurred in otherwise healthy individuals.

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